- The United States of America—commonly referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, or America—is a constitutional federal republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south.
- Canadians place great importance on learning, and have developed a first-rate education system with high standards.
- The country spends more on education (as a percentage of GDP) compared to the OECD average, and is the second highest among G-8 countries.
Canada is the second-largest country in the world, with a variety of landforms and an abundance of diverse natural resources.
Canada is a democratic constitutional monarchy. Every act of government is passed in the name of the Queen, but the authority for every act flows from the Canadian people.
Canada’s economy includes primary, secondary and tertiary economic activities, importing and exporting of goods and services and global trade connections.
Capital Cities of Canada
There are 14 capital cities in Canada – for e.g Edmorton, Victoria, Winnipeg and Fredericton the national capital is Ottawa.
Spoken languages of Canada
English and French are recognized by the Constitution of Canada as “official languages The five most widely-spoken non-official languages are Chinese ,Spanish, Italian and Arabic. Aboriginal languages, many of which are unique to Canada, are spoken by less than one percent of the population, and are mostly in decline.
Religion in Canada
Canada has no official religion. The preamble to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms mentions “God” but no specific beliefs are specified. However, most people report they are Christians.
The Canadian dollar, denoted by CAD or C¢, is the official currency of Canada. One hundred cents (¢) add up to one Canadian dollar.
India is 9.5 hours ahead of toronto, canada.
Canada’s climate is not as cold all year around as some may believe. In winter, temperatures fall below freezing point throughout most of Canada. During the summer months the southern provinces often experience high levels of humidity and temperatures that can surpass 30 degrees Celsius regularly.
Canada’s post-secondary opportunities revolve around a wide range of University options. Throughout Canada’s 13 provinces and territories, there are 72 universities to choose from.
The top reasons to study in Canada are
- The cost of living and tuition fees for international students are generally lower than in other countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom.
- A Canadian degree, diploma or certificate is globally recognized as being equivalent to those obtained from the United States or Commonwealth countries
- The United Nations consistently ranks Canada as one of the best places in the world to live. As an international student in Canada, you’ll enjoy all of the same freedoms which protect Canadians – respect for human rights, equality, and a stable and peaceful society.
- Since research is one of the key components of a Canadian post-secondary education, you’ll have ample opportunity to become a part of this vibrant aspect of education
- International students with Canadian credentials and Canadian work experience may apply for permanent residency without having to leave Canada
- Ranked as one of the best places in the world to live by the United Nations
- Possibility of Permanent Residency after study
- Post Study Work Permit for up to 3 years after study
- A peaceful, politically stable and safe country
- Lower tuition fees than many comparable programs in the US and UK
The cost of education in the Canada varies between the states and the institutions.
Average tuition fees per year range from $10,000 to $20,000 Canadian per annum
Living expenses per year – $10,000-$12,000 Canadian per annum
The Canadian education system encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, from kindergarten through to university. Education institutions are not officially ranked in Canada, as all Canadian institutions offer high quality programs.
The education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, including: community colleges/ technical institutes, career colleges, language schools, secondary schools, summer camps, universities and university college.
University degrees are offered at three consecutive levels — bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral — with the possession of a degree from the lower level generally a prerequisite for admission to the next.
Students at the baccalaureate or bachelor’s level are known as undergraduates. Successful completion of the secondary school program, or the two-year Cégep program in the case of Quebec, is the normal prerequisite for admission to undergraduate study. Bachelor’s degrees normally require three or four years of full-time study, depending on the province or whether the program is general or specialized. An honours baccalaureate degree usually signals a higher degree of concentration in the honours subject, as well as a higher level of academic achievement. At some universities, an honours degree may require an additional year of study.
A master’s degree typically requires two years of study after successful completion of an honours baccalaureate. Although the normal prerequisite for a doctoral program is a master’s degree, students have been allowed, in special circumstances, to go directly from an honours baccalaureate program into a doctoral program. A minimum of three years and up to four or five years of study and research, as well as a dissertation are the normal requirements for a doctorate. The degree is generally known as a PhD; however, doctoral degrees may also be granted in particular fields of study such as music (DMus) or law (LLD).
In regulated professions such as medicine, law, education, and social work, an internship is generally required in order to obtain a license to practice.
University colleges undertake degree programs as their primary activity and provide three-year and four-year bachelor’s degrees. They generally offer smooth university transfer opportunities.
Colleges and institutes undertake diploma and certificate programs as their primary activity, and some offer degrees in areas of particular specialization. Where they are offered, degree programs may be two-year associate degrees or four-year applied degrees.